Rural landscape valorization at Nishitōkyō : Yashikimori conservation methodology
AuthorsNieto Ceballos, Valentina
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Facultad de Arquitectura y Diseño
Tesis/Trabajo de grado - Monografía - Pregrado
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Starting with the workshop Planning for the Global Urban Agenda Shaping Ecodistricts in Tokyo suburbs from the program IMPLEMENTING THE UNITED NATIONS' NEW URBAN AGENDA. UNIVERSITIES IN ACTION (UNI-NUA), was the first approach to the case study, the city of Nishitōkyō, which make part of the metropolitan area of Tokyo. Nevertheless, Nishitōkyō city has a completely different character than Tokyo, being a city with a significant number of green open spaces like parks, tree nurseries, but outstanding the farmlands plots which make clear his rural original character. Some of these farmlands have been there from more than 250 years, reason why it is possible to consider them as part of their heritage. During the workshop the principal aim was to conserve the farmlands facing the threatens of some of the new planning policies that includes the realization of several roads that will cut or erase some of these plots, however, the current approach proposes to see the farmlands as part of the cultural rural heritage of Japan that must be conserved and enhanced. This way of seeing the farmlands as part of the cultural rural heritage is reinforced through the existence of the Yashikimori a residential plot traditional of the rural areas with agriculture fields, which is also in risk due the inheritance taxes are so high that when an area is not designated as a productive green zones (PGZ) or a green open space, have to pay all the normal taxes as if it would be a residence plot, what means that some of the owners prefer to sell the land (with the Yashikimori inside) than pay the taxes. Therefore, recognizing the different elements of rurality present in Nishitōkyō in order to search a way to preserve and enhance them, the creation of a model is proposed, where first it identifies the different cultural rural landscape present in the territory as the farmlands, parks, tree nurseries and also the Yashikimori. Then, involving the different users, local entities and stake holders for construct a network that allows not to see the landscape elements as individuals but a complex, appreciating their value in the quality of life of the people, their identity and also trying to communicate the importance of the cultural rural landscape.
Nishitokyo is a ward that made part of the metropolitan area of Tokyo, it is a sprawled area where it is visible the need to create residential units near Tokyo. However, agriculture was the original character of the area, where despite of the urban growth, it is also possible find out farmlands, or also productive green zones (PGZ), as well as nurseries and small forests called yashikimori, but currently, the need to create new roads are putting them on risk, risk that is reinforced with the high rates of the tax system (property tax, city planning tax, and inheritance tax), what motivates the owner to sell the land. These green areas are part of the cultural landscape that Japan has, which according to the Japan’s Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties when a landscape area or zone shaped by the daily lives, careers, and unique customs of a population living in a certain region, is possible to use the term “cultural landscape” for name it. Considering these green spaces as part of the cultural landscape of Japan, they need to be preserve, protect and enhance. The Nishitokyo’s municipality is doing an effort for keeping these areas, creating different strategies, because in some cases those areas are part of the heritage that they have. Because of that, another strategy that can help to preserve these areas, also let them be productive and in addition emphasize the importance in the cultural field that they have, is the agritourism, this would let the owner of the land has the enough incomes for maintaining the land, besides enhance this type of heritage and communicate the knowledge that comes with these landscapes. For reaching this goal is necessary to create a new methodology answering the specific conditions of Nishitokyo, as the need to preserve and enhance the green spaces, giving a special character, including distinct types of tours and an specific and particular lodging, involving different kinds of actors as the municipality, the owner of the land, the public, etc.
ThemesArquitectura - Tesis y disertaciones académicas
Conservación de los recursos naturales
Arquitectura del paisaje
- Arquitectura