Reduction of glycemic variability with Degludec insulin in patients with unstable diabetes
AuthorsPontificia Universidad Javeriana. Facultad de Medicina. Departamento de Epidemiología Clínica y Bioestadística
Henao-Carrillo, Diana Cristina
Muñoz, Oscar M.
Gómez, Ana M.
Colon Peña, Christian Alejandro Guillermo
Calvachi, Maria Alejandra
Perea, Ana María
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Introduction Degludec (IDeg) is an ultralong-acting insulin, with stable pharmacodynamic profile which leads to lower fluctuations in glucose levels. The effect of IDeg has not been specifically assessed in patients with unstable diabetes, defined as increased glycemic variability (GV). Methods A prospective before-after pilot study was conducted, including patients managed at Hospital Universitario San Ignacio in Bogotá, Colombia. The impact of the switch from a Glargine or Detemir insulin to a basal insulin regimen with IDeg for 12 weeks on GV measured by continuous glucose monitoring, on A1c levels, and on the incidence of episodes of global and nocturnal hypoglycemia was assessed in a group of patients with (coefficient of variation >34%) or without increased basal GV using a Generalised Estimating Equation (GEE) analysis. Results 60 patients with basal bolus therapy and history of hypoglycemia were included. 18 patients had High GV (HGV). In this group a significant reduction of 11.1% of CV (95% CI: 6.3, 15.9, p = 0.01) was found. GEE analysis confirmed a higher impact over time on patients with HGV (p < 0.001). The percentage of patients with at least 1 episode of hypoglycemia decreased from 66.6% to 22.2% (p = 0.02) and from 37.14% to 5.71% (p < 0.01) for global and nocturnal hypoglycemia, respectively. Changes were not significant in patients with low GV. A reduction of A1c was observed in both groups (p < 0.001). Conclusions The results suggest that treatment with IDeg reduces GV, A1c levels and the incidence of global and nocturnal hypoglycemia events in patients with HGV, but not in patients with low GV.
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Link to the resourcehttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214623718300206
SourceJournal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology; Vol. 12 (2018)
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