Does Culture Shape Our Understanding of Others’ Thoughts and Emotions? An Investigation Across 12 Countries
Cruz de Souza, Leonardo
Cardona, Juan Felipe
Clarens, Maria Florencia
Grisales-Cardenas, Johan Sebastián
Magrath Guimet, Nahuel
Luis Calandri, Ismael
Garcia, Adolfo M.
Brandão Moura, Millena Vieira
Santamaria Garcia, Hernando
Allegri, Ricardo F.
Sanches Yassuda, Mônica
Teixeira, Antônio Lúcio
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana. Facultad de Medicina. Departamento de Psiquiatría y Salud Mental
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Envejecimiento
Artículo de revista
0894-4105 / 1931-1559 (Electrónico)
COARArtículo de revista
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Measures of social cognition have now become central in neuropsychology, being essential for early and differential diagnoses, follow-up, and rehabilitation in a wide range of conditions. With the scientific world becoming increasingly interconnected, international neuropsychological and medical collaborations are burgeoning to tackle the global challenges that are mental health conditions. These initiatives commonly merge data across a diversity of populations and countries, while ignoring their specificity. Objective: In this context, we aimed to estimate the influence of participants’ nationality on social cognition evaluation. This issue is of particular importance as most cognitive tasks are developed in highly specific contexts, not representative of that encountered by the world’s population. Method: Through a large international study across 18 sites, neuropsychologists assessed core aspects of social cognition in 587 participants from 12 countries using traditional and widely used tasks. Results: Age, gender, and education were found to impact measures of mentalizing and emotion recognition. After controlling for these factors, differences between countries accounted for more than 20% of the variance on both measures. Importantly, it was possible to isolate participants’ nationality from potential translation issues, which classically constitute a major limitation. Conclusions: Overall, these findings highlight the need for important methodological shifts to better represent social cognition in both fundamental research and clinical practice, especially within emerging international networks and consortia.
Link to the resourcehttps://psycnet.apa.org/fulltext/2022-79828-001.html
SourceNeuropsychology; Volumen 36 Número 7 , Páginas 664 - 682 (2022)
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